It has a coastline of over 7,000 kilometers and is one of the largest Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ) in the world. The primary ports in India are 13 major harbors that are well connected and have state-of-the-art facilities.
Most ports in India are wholly government-owned, under the Ministry of Ports, Shipping, and Waterways. Individual terminals and facilities may be operated by private organizations.
A large portion of the terminals in India is operated by companies such as DP World (including the erstwhile P&O), AP Moller Terminals, and PSA International. The few private ports are owned by Reliance Industries and the Adani Group.
As it lies on the Indian Ocean, these ports service vessels inbound from the Middle East, Europe, and Africa to the West. The main vessels from the East sail from South East Asia, Japan, South Korea, and Australia.
A large portion of incoming trade from the East is oil, inbound from Iran and the Middle East. Agricultural produce, fertilizers, natural ores and minerals, automobiles, textiles, and foodstuff are the primary goods that pass through Indian ports. There are also several naval bases operated under the individual Indian Naval Commands.
Given its vast maritime importance, Indian ports have played a major role in the growth and development of the nation. In this article, we look at the top 10 ports of India.